This module dissects the key elements of communication activities conducted by militaries in conflict. A signifcant
and sometimes contentious part of the information space, the understanding of its relationship with other activities is vital.


  • The military structure

  • Public affairs/media operations

  • In uence and communication related operations

  • ‘Soft’ information operations

  • ‘Hard’ information operations

  • Practical and ethical challenges

  • Relationships between civilian entities and military